Font families and font faces in Java

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Font families and font faces
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The Text objects in the left column are all using fonts from the Tahoma familyAs you can see from the screenshot of the set of fonts installed on my Windows laptop in Figure 16-28, the Tahoma family contains two fonts that have the following names:
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Tahoma, used by the Text object labeled 1 Tahoma Bold, used by the Text object labeled 2
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Figure 16-28
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The Text objects labeled 3 and 4 claim to use fonts called Tahoma Italic and Tahoma Bold Italic, but no such fonts exist on my system Instead, the JavaFX runtime synthesizes them by applying transformations to glyphs taken from the Tahoma and Tahoma Bold fonts to produce the italicized glyphs The Text objects on the right of Figure 16-27 use fonts from the Times New Roman family, which has four fonts:
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Times New Roman, used by the Text object labeled 5 Times New Roman Bold, used by the Text object labeled 6 Times New Roman Italic, used by the Text object labeled 7 Times New Roman Bold Italic, used by the Text object labeled 8
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All four of these fonts are actually installed on my system, as you can see in Figure 16-28 If you compare the text in the left and right columns of Figure 16-27, you ll see that the glyphs that appear in the left column are noticeably different from those on the right, because fonts from two different font families have been used However, within a column, the glyphs used are very similar, because the fonts used are in the same family Font Weight Loosely put, a font s weight is a measure of how bold it isThere are various levels of boldness that a font might support For example, the Rockwell font family has two bold fonts called Rockwell Bold and Rockwell Extra BoldAs you have seen, both the Tahoma and Times New Roman families have a single bold font In JavaFX, the weight of a font is specified by a constant defined by the FontWeight classThere are 11 possible weights, not all of which will give distinct results, because the font to which they are applied may not support them:
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BOLD EXTRA_LIGHT REGULAR DEMI_BOLD HEAVY SEMI_BOLD DEMI_LIGHT LIGHT ULTRA_BOLD EXTRA_BOLD MEDIUM
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The value FontWeightREGULAR refers to the normal weight of the font and is used to obtain a font that is neither bold nor lightAny text in Figure 16-27 that does not contain the word Bold is rendered using a regular font Font Posture The posture indicates whether or not the font is italicized It is represented in JavaFX by the FontPosture class, which defines two possible values:
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normal, upright font FontPostureITALIC: an italic font
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FontPostureREGULAR: a
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The text in Figure 16-27 that contains the word Italics is drawn using an italic font
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Font Position Font position refers to the position of the font s glyphs relative to the text baselineThe FontPosition class defines three possible values for this characteristic:
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FontPositionREGULAR: Glyphs appear in the normal textOrigin variable of a Text object, for example FontPositionSUBSCRIPT: Glyphs
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place, as dictated by the
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appear lower than normal, possibly partially appear higher than usual, like the degree
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below the text baseline
FontPositionSUPERSCRIPT: Glyphs
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Although the FontPosition class is part of the common profile, the position variable of the Font class is not, so font positioning is not available on mobile devices
The following code, which you ll find in the file javafxshapes/Fonts2fx in the JavaFX Book Desktop project, creates three Text objects that use regular, superscript, and subscript variants of the Tahoma font Notice that the two Text objects that have the superscript and subscript fonts are placed in the same location, but, as you can see in Figure 16-29, the rendered text does not overlap:
Stage { title: "Superscript and Subscript Fonts" width: 250 height: 80 scene: Scene { content: [ Text { font: Font { name: "Tahoma" size: 24 } x: 10 y: 30 content: "Normal" } Text { font: Font { name: "Tahoma" size: 24 position: FontPositionSUPERSCRIPT } x: 100 y: 30 content: "super" } Text { font: Font { name: "Tahoma" size: 24 position: FontPositionSUBSCRIPT } x: 100 y: 30