CAMEL: Intelligent Networks for the GSM, GPRS and UMTS Network in .NET framework

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CAP v3 3GPP/GSM domain smsSSF MSC or SGSN IT domain To destination MAP SMS-IWMSC SMSC
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See 3GPP TR 23039
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Network architecture for CAMEL control of MO-SMS
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A subscriber may, depending on subscription data, send SMS via MSC, SGSN or both35 When a subscriber submits an SMS,36 the SMS is transferred from UE to MSC or SGSN Provided that the subscriber has a subscription to TS22, the MSC uses MAP signalling to transfer the SMS to the SMSC When the SMS has arrived at the SMSC and is accepted by that SMSC, the SMS submission is considered successful Delivery of the SMS to the destination is not part of the MO SMS functionality When the SMS has arrived at the SMSC, the subscriber is charged for the SMS submission37 The SMS-IWMSC has a speci c role in the SMS submission The SMS-IWMSC functions as an interface between the GSM/3GPP domain and the IT domain The MSC and SGSN are part of the GSM/3GPP domain, whereas the SMSC is part of the IT domain The interface between MSC or SGSN and SMS-IWMSC is MAP; see 3GPP TS 29002 [103] The interface between SMSIWMSC and SMSC is not de ned in GSM/3GPP A number of industry de facto standard protocols are de ned for accessing the SMSC; these protocols are listed in 3GPP TR 23039 [78] Some of these protocols are: short message peer-to-peer (SMPP); and universal computer protocol (UCP) Owing to the fact that the protocol between SMS-IWMSC and SMSC is a non-GSM standard protocol, the SMS-IWMSC and SMSC are located in the same country Although the SMS-IWMSC is de ned as a separate functional entity, it may be integrated in one of the MSCs in the operator s network or in the SMSC Practically, the SMS-IWMSC is often integrated in the SMSC, meaning that MAP signalling is used between the MSC and the combined SMSC and SMS-IWMSC node The SMSC address that is used by a subscriber for SMS submission is normally con gured in the mobile station Although the SMSC address may be pre-con gured when purchasing a GSM telephone, subscribers may modify the SMSC address Strictly speaking, the SMSC address that is used for SMS submission and SMS delivery is not the address of the SMSC MO-SMS the SMSC address (destination of the SMS submission) is the address of the SMSIWMSC between the MSC or SGSN and the SMSC MT-SMS the SMSC address (origin of the SMS delivery) is the address of the SMS-GWMSC between the SMSC and the MSC or SGSN The SMS-IWMSC and SMS-GMSC act in this regard as the MAP addressing front-end for the SMSC The architecture for MT-SMS is described in 6
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GPRS-capable UE may contain user setting for preferred method for submitting SMS: via MSC or via SGSN 36 Sending SMS from UE to SMSC is known as SMS submission ; sending SMS from SMSC to UE is known as SMS delivery 37 SMS charging rules may differ per operator
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542 CAMEL Control of MO-SMS The CAMEL control of MO-SMS entails that a CAMEL relationship may be established between the MSC and the gsmSCF or between the SGSN and the gsmSCF CAMEL control of MO-SMS is a subscribed service, which implies that the subscriber has CAMEL subscription data in the HLR: MO-SMS-CSI38 MO-SMS-CSI is sent from HLR to MSC, during registration in the MSC or to the SGSN, on attachment to the SGSN 5421 Location Update Refer to Figure 563; when the subscriber registers in the MSC or attaches at the SGSN, the MSC or SGSN initiates location update procedure The MSC or SGSN reports to the HLR which CAMEL phases it (the MSC or SGSN) supports If CAMEL phase 3 is supported, then the HLR may send MO-SMS-CSI to the MSC or SGSN If CAMEL phase 3 is not supported, then the HLR may take fallback action, such as suppressing TS22 or allowing normal registration without CAMEL Fallback action may normally be con gured per subscriber CAMEL does not, however, specify the fallback actions The MAP insert subscriber data message, which forms part of the location update procedure, may also contain, besides the MO-SMS-CSI, a selection of the other CSIs, such as O-CSI, VT-CSI etc The sending of subscriber data from HLR to MSC or SGSN may also be triggered by a data restoration procedure in the MSC or SGSN; in addition, the HLR may perform stand-alone subscriber data update or deletion 5422 CAMEL Service Invocation When the subscriber is registered in the MSC and has appropriate subscription data, she may send SMSs If MO-SMS-CSI is present in the MSC, then the submission of an SMS by that subscriber leads to unconditional triggering of a CAMEL service The CAMEL service is identi ed by the contents of MO-SMS-CSI; see Section 543 Figure 564 depicts the process for MSC-based SMS submission; the same architecture applies to SGSN-based SMS submission The CAP information ow between smsSSF and gsmSCF contains information that is obtained from the SMS header; the content of the SMS, ie the text string or data string, is not sent to the gsmSCF The gsmSCF instructs the smsSSF to continue SMS submission, after which the MSC will send the MAP message MO-ForwardSM to the SMS-IWMSC The SMS-Submit message is described in 3GPP TS 23040 [79]; it is one of the transfer protocol data units (TPDU) used for SMS transfer Some of the TPDUs relate to MS-to-SMSC data transfer; other TPDUs relate to SMSC-to-MS data transfer Table 525 lists the available TPDUs
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VPLMN HPLMN HLR MAP MSC Registration UE Attachment SGSN MAP MSC or SGSN Location update [supported CAMEL phases = CAMEL phase 3] Insert subscriber data [MO-SMS-CSI; TS22; ] HLR Subscriber data MO-SMS-CSI TS22
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